fbpx
Časoris
Nasini znanstveniki so morda odkrili prvi planet zunaj naše galaksije. Vir: Nasa
Nasini znanstveniki so morda odkrili prvi planet zunaj naše galaksije. Vir: Nasa

Scientists may have discovered a new planet outside our galaxy

The universe is huge and there are many things we don’t know about it.

Astronomers are therefore immensely delighted when they find a new planet or star.

NASA scientists may have detected the first planet outside our galaxy. It is supposed to be about as big as Saturn.

So far, about five thousand planets have been discovered outside our solar system, but they were all located in our galaxy. This means that they are up to three thousand light years away from us.

A possible new planet has been discovered in a neighbouring galaxy 28 million light-years away.

Nasin rentgenski observatorij se nahaja v vesolju in je specializiran za zaznavanje rentgenskih žarkov. Vir: Flickr
NASA’s X-ray Observatory is located in space and specializes in X-ray detection. Source: Flickr

»About 80 percent of the confirmed planets outside our solar system have been discovered by the method of observing the passage of the planet across the surface of a star. The planet orbiting the star temporarily partially obscures it, with telescopes we then detect the darkening of the star,« explains Dr. Dunja Fabjan from the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics.

»Now, for the first time, they have observed a temporary decrease in the amount of X-rays emanating from a smaller area of ​​this particular binary star.«

Nevtronske zvezde pogosto povzročijo nastanek rentgenskih žarkov. Vir: Wikimedia Commons
Neutron stars often cause the formation of X-rays. Source: Wikimedia Commons

When observing planets outside our galaxy by perceiving visible light, they cannot distinguish individual stars because they are all so bright.

»Stars that emit X-rays are rarer, so they are easier to observe,« adds Dunja Fabjan. »If they emit strong enough waves, they become a good target for finding planets around them.«

Scientists have not yet been able to confirm that this is indeed the first planet outside our galaxy.

They would need more data to be better convinced, but they will not be able to make new measurements for a long time, as the planet will need seventy years to make a shadow on its star again.

Glossary

X-rays are a type of radiation called electromagnetic waves. Because they have higher energy, they can travel longer distances than visible light. They are emitted by some stars, and on Earth we create them artificially.

Points To Consider

  1. What is a light year?
  2. What is the name of our galaxy?
  3. Which planet is Saturn?

***

The original version of this article was published on October 28th.

English translation courtesy of JL FlannerTotal Slovenia News, an English language website with news from and about Slovenia.

Dora

Adamič je študentka biotehnologije, rada potuje po svetu in približuje znanost najmlajšim.

Vprašanje meseca

Vreme

Ljubljana, Slovenija
Mostly cloudy
0°C
 

Podprite Časoris

Pomagajte nam ohraniti Časoris.
Brez vas ni nas.

Pošljite sms Casoris5 na 1919 in darujte 5 evrov.

ali

Pomagajte prek PayPala. Uporabite lahko tudi bančno kartico.

Kako še lahko podprete Časoris?

Spletni arhiv Časorisa